The page that is first of enumeration guide includes a description for the area covered

The page that is first of enumeration guide includes a description for the area covered

6. Places within the census

in the last years the actual quantity of information differs; they might include a listing of streets, and explain the route taken because of the enumerator, however in rural areas the description might merely read ‘The entire associated with parish of …’. From 1891 onwards you can find split parts for a description for the boundaries associated with ED, as well as a range of the roads or dwellings included.

7. Details, homes as well as other structures into the census

Exact addresses are not required in 1841, just ‘place’. From 1851 an address that is exact needed, such as the household title or quantity, if any. But, in rural areas the information that is only nevertheless could be the title associated with town or parish. Figures into the left-hand column are itinerary figures, and really should never be recognised incorrectly as home figures.

Year a note was made of buildings that were uninhabited, or under construction, in every census. In 1891 and 1901 the true amount of rooms in a dwelling had been detailed, if less than five. In 1911 the true wide range of rooms is shown on all home schedules, along with other info is into the Enumerators’ Summary Books, described in part 5, above.

From 1851 to 1901 a census entry for a brand new home is suggested by a brand new routine number. In most census years except 1851 and 1911 the final entry in a building is suggested by way of a dual oblique line //, and where there is certainly one or more home within a building, these are generally separated by just one oblique line /. In 1851 a relative line is ruled over the web web page by the end of the building, or half-way over the web web page between households within a building.

Exemplory instance of a census kind for vessels. This 1 ended up being employed for the 1861 census to record the team of this HMS Beagle (catalogue guide RG 9/1085).

8. Ships and organizations into the census

Special enumeration publications had been finished for organizations such as for instance workhouses, barracks and hospitals in most census 12 months from 1851, including 1911. Unique schedules for vessels had been introduced in 1851, although none are recognized to endure from that 12 months, therefore in training 1861 ended up being the year that is first consist of returns through the Royal Navy and vendor delivery, at ocean plus in ports in the home and abroad. As a result of the problems of gathering enumeration publications from vessels in remote ports, shipping comes back will tend to be incomplete.

In 1861 all returns through the Royal Navy and from merchant vessels have reached the final end of this show, but from then on vessels in house ports are listed at the conclusion associated with districts where they certainly were moored, and only those in international waters are grouped together by the end of this series.

There aren’t any records that are surviving Royal Navy vessels in international waters in 1891.

In 1901 Royal Navy ships in international waters are detailed alphabetically, and there are not any returns for vessels between HMS Amphion and HMS tall Flyer. Nevertheless, a duplicate copy of this enumeration of HMS Cygnet in 1901 ended up being provided for the typical enter Office by the Admiralty and it is a part of RG 19/20.

The completed census kind recording the team associated with HMS Beagle (catalogue guide RG 9/1085).

1911 had been the census that is first the British Army overseas had been enumerated; previously there clearly was just a headcount.

9. Typical census terms and abbreviations

In addition towards the terms and abbreviations described below, part 5 and part 7 of the guide describe other conventions found in the censuses.

Relationships (from 1851)

In training, your head for the home ended up being often the male that is oldest, although not always. Everybody else, whether spouse, son, servant or anybody else, needs to have been described in terms of this person, but this is not at all times observed accurately. In three-generation families young kids may be shown as ‘son’ or ‘daur’ (child) when they’re actually the grandchildren for the head. ‘Son (or daughter)-in-law’ can mean a stepchild, plus the wife or husband for the head’s children that are own. A boarder is a person who resides inside the home it is maybe maybe not a family member or servant, while a lodger just rents an available space or spaces, but these terms tend to be used interchangeably.

Condition (as to marriage)

Mar or M – married

Unm, Un or U – unmarried (replaced by S for solitary from 1891)

Wid or W – widowed

‘Divorced’ wasn’t a category that is official and will not feature when you look at the analytical tables, but does appear sometimes in this column in later census years.

Rank, occupation or occupation

There had been instructions that are specific recording additional details for many vocations; particularly the occupations, the military, general general public servants and anyone tangled up in agriculture or production. Year sometimes the clerks in the Census Office altered or expanded these definitions to assign them to one of the categories in the Registrar General’s classification of occupations for that census.

They are several of the most terms that are common abbreviations based in the ‘Rank occupation or career’ column:

Ag lab – agricultural labourer

Annuitant – living on earnings from opportunities

Ap or App – apprentice

FS, MS – found in the 1841 census for ‘female servant’ and servant that is‘male’

FWK – also in 1841, for ‘framework knitter’ an occupation that is common the East Midlands

Gentleman – Usually denotes some body residing on an earnings from opportunities, or resigned from company, but doesn’t have definition that is official

Ind or Independent – ‘Of independent means’

J – journeyman; a person who had finished an apprenticeship but wasn’t a master with a continuing business and apprentices of these very own

Pensioner – often means an army pensioner; other forms of pensioner are usually defined as such, including Greenwich Pensioner (naval pensioner), authorities pensioner an such like. Senior years retirement benefits had been introduced in 1908, therefore the term age that is‘old’ seems the very first time in 1911

10. Why can’t we find my ancestor within the census?

there are numerous reasons that explain why you may perhaps perhaps not find someone into the census. Browse our blog post ‘Missing through the census?’ or view our webinar, additionally called ‘Missing through the census?’, to find out just exactly just how information may be missed or altered, along with to discover methods for more successful researching.

You can find pages lacking from all censuses, but 1861 has suffered many.

Lacking from 1861 census

You may use The National Archives catalogue to discover which parishes or districts are recognized to be lacking through the 1861 census. Utilize the keyword ‘missing’ to search within series RG 9 within our catalogue. You can recognize pages that are regarded as lacking within some enumeration districts utilizing the phrase that is exact pages’ within RG 9.

Lacking from 1841 census: Wrexham

The 1841 census returns for the registration that is whole of Wrexham, Denbighshire, were thought to be lacking. But, the initial enumeration publications for the city of Wrexham had been found in a bookshop, and are also now deposited into the Denbighshire Archives. a transcript that is indexed been published because of the Clwyd genealogy and family history Society, and a duplicate can be obtained during the National Archives.

Lacking off their censuses

As with all the 1861 census, you should use our catalogue to find the record show for almost any other census year to discover more regarding entire parishes or districts which are regarded as lacking, but in comparison to 1861 there was less information about odd lacking pages. Usage section 11 to ascertain which National Archives record series to search within and search utilising the term ‘missing’.

To get more help with just how to search our catalogue, browse Discovery search assistance.